Solar Stove Usage Versus Charcoal for Sustainable Environmental Life Cycle of Madagascar Ecology
Deforestation poses an immense threat in Madagascar ecology and biodiversity. The vast majority of household recourse to the use of charcoal as a main source of energy. This study examines the advantages and drawbacks from using charcoal and the challenges faced by the Malagasy people. It aims to underpin the traditional cooking habits in hope to combat the non-resolvable deforestation leading into sustainable preservation and conservation of its environment. This research uses a qualitative descriptive method trying to assess the alternatives between the use of charcoal and solar stove based on surveys and questionnaires from various households. Our analysis focuses on the real environmental life cycle of both techniques. Our results indicate that charcoal use seems to be devastative but generally responds the community needs but in decline during dry season in certain areas whereas solar stove is hard to come by in the majority part of the island
and less usable during rainy season despite it was evident that locals would consider to using it as an alternative source. It was noticed that there was an increase of 0.38% in the use of charcoal while solar stove spearheading to 0.55% compared to the last decade. Thus, it was perceived that less impacts on environment occurred due to the use of such technology.
Environmental History, Selective Harvesting, and Post-Harvest
Management." Energy Policy 21(5): 491- 509, 1993.
 FAO. “Forests and Energy: regional perspectives: opportunities and
challenges for forests and forestry. African Forestry and Wildlife
Commission. Sixteenth Session.” Near East Forestry Commission,
Khartoum, Sudan, 18-21 February 2008.
 Van Beukering et al, “The economic value of Guam's coral reefs”,
 FAO. “What Wood fuels Can do to Mitigate Climate Change”. FAO
Forestry Paper 162. Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN.
Rome, Italy, 2010.
 Benoist A et al.”Life Cycle Assessment of Traditional Charcoal
Production in Madagascar,” 2008.
 Emmanuel Chidumayo, “The environmental impacts of charcoal
production in tropical ecosystems of the world: A synthesis,” 2008.
 Mardikanto, T, “Metode Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pemberdayaan
Masyarakat untuk Akademisi, Praktisi, dan Peminat Pemberdayaan
Masyarakat. Program Studi Penyuluhan Pembangunan/Pemberdayaan
Masyarakat Pascasarjana UNS. Surakarta. Sebelas Maret University
Press Surakarta, 2012.
 Notoatmodjo, Soekidjo. „Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan.” Jakarta:
Rineka Cipta, 2012.
 Fatchan Achyani, “Analisis Pengaruh Investasi, Likuiditas,
Profitabilitas, Pertumbuhan Perusahaan dan Ukuran Perusahaan
Terhadap Kebijakan Deviden Payout Ratio,” 2017.
 Saryono, Anggreni. “Metodologi penelitian kualitatif dan kuantitatif
dalam bidang kesehatan.” Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika, 2013.
 David I. et. all. “The Effect of Solar Ovens on Fuel Use, Emissions,
and Health: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial”, 2006.
 Central Bank of Sri Lanka, “Economic and Social Statistics of Sri